Dante Alighieri (1265 – 1321), was a serious Italian writer of the Late Middle Ages/Early Renaissance. His epic poem, originally known as Comedìa (modern Italian: Commedia) and later christened Divina by Boccaccio, is wide thought-about the foremost vital verse form of the center Ages and therefore the greatest piece of writing within the Italian language.
In the late Middle Ages, most poetry was written in Latin, accessible solely to the foremost educated readers. In First State vulgari eloquentia (On fluency within the Vernacular), however, Dante defended use of the vernacular in literature.
He would even write within the Tuscan idiom for works like The New Life (1295) and therefore the Divine Comedy; this extremely unorthodox selection set a precedent that vital later Italian writers like Francesco Petrarca and Boccaccio would follow. Dante was instrumental in establishing the literature of European nation, and his depictions of Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven provided inspiration for the larger body of Western art.
He is cited as Associate in Nursing influence on poet, Chaucer and First Baron Tennyson, among several others. additionally, the primary use of the interlocking three-line rhyme theme, or the poem, is attributed to him. In Italy, he’s typically brought up as il Sommo Poeta (“the Supreme Poet”) and il Poeta; he, Petrarch, and Boccaccio are known as “the 3 fountains” or “the 3 crowns”.
Born: c. 1265; Florence, Republic of Florence
Died: September 13/14, 1321; (aged c. 56); Ravenna, Papal States
Occupation: Statesman, poet, language theorist, political theorist
Period: Late Middle Ages
Literary movement: Dolce Stil Novo